The current state of the tourism industry in Argentina

1. Introduction

The Republic of Argentina is a country located in the southern part of South America, bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay to the east, and Chile to the west and south. With a total area of 2,780,400 km2, it is the eighth-largest country in the world by land area and the fourth largest by population, with over 44 million people. The capital and largest city is Buenos Aires.

Argentina is a federal republic comprising twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. The provinces are divided into districts, which are further divided into municipalities. The country is subdivided into seven geographic regions: the Andean Northwest, the Mesopotamian Northeast, the Cuyo (including Patagonia), the Pampas, Tierra del Fuego, and the Falkland Islands.

Tourism plays an important role in Argentina’s economy. In 2001, there were 3 million foreign visitors who spent US$4.6 billion in the country. According to Argentina tourism report, the government of Argentina projected the number of foreign tourists to increase to 10 million by 2010 compared to 3 million recorded in 2001. The global economic crisis that began in 2008 caused a significant decrease in tourist arrivals; however, since 2009 there has been a rebound with growth rates of 9% in 2010 and 11% by the end of January 2010. In 2012, 9.5 million passengers entered Argentina through its airports, setting a new record for tourist arrivals in the country. From January to November 2013, provincial and municipal tourism increased by 10%.

In January 2010, Eduardo Duhalde, former President of Argentina (2002-2003), said that “tourism is one of the few activities that resisted” during the economic crisis that hit Argentina at the beginning of 2002 (following the devaluation of Peso). According to Duhalde, “in 2002 we had 2 million foreign tourists; in 2003 we had 3 million; in 2004 we had 4 million; last year we had 5 million.” He also said that “tourism generates work and is an activity that can be carried out throughout the year.”

The majority of foreign tourists come from North America (35%), Europe (34%), and Asia (14%). Eduardo Duhalde said that “the Argentine market has become very attractive” for foreign tourists due to “the devaluation of our currency” which makes travel to Argentina “much cheaper.” He also said that there has been an increase in tourism from Brazil and Uruguay due to “the good relations between our countries.”

In recent years, there has also been a significant increase in local tourism due to a growing middle class with more disposable income. In 2012, 14 million Argentines traveled within the country for leisure purposes, representing a growth of 12% over 2011.
Argentina’s natural assets include glaciers (such as Perito Moreno glacier), national parks (like Iguazú National Park), deserts (e.g., Ischigualasto Provincial Park), caves ( Cueva de las Manos), beaches (Mar del Plata), hot springs (Termas de Río Hondo), rivers (Río Paraná), lakes (Nahuel Huapi Lake), etc. The country also has many cultural offerings, such as tango shows, live music, theatre, etc.

2. Description of the current state of the tourism industry in Argentina

The tourism industry in Argentina is currently growing at a rapid pace. In 2012, 9.5 million passengers entered Argentina through its airports, setting a new record for tourist arrivals in the country. From January to November 2013, provincial and municipal tourism increased by 10%. The majority of foreign tourists come from North America (35%), Europe (34%), and Asia (14%). In recent years, there has also been a significant increase in local tourism due to a growing middle class with more disposable income.

Argentina’s natural assets include glaciers (such as Perito Moreno glacier), national parks (like Iguazú National Park), deserts (e.g., Ischigualasto Provincial Park), caves ( Cueva de las Manos), beaches (Mar del Plata), hot springs (Termas de Río Hondo), rivers (Río Paraná), lakes (Nahuel Huapi Lake), etc. The country also has many cultural offerings, such as tango shows, live music, theatre, etc.

3. Analysis of the possible reasons for the growth of the tourism industry in Argentina

There are several reasons why the tourism industry in Argentina is currently growing at a rapid pace. First of all, the devaluation of the Argentine Peso makes travel to Argentina much cheaper for foreign tourists. Secondly, there has been an increase in tourism from Brazil and Uruguay due to the good relations between our countries. Thirdly, the growing middle class in Argentina has more disposable income and is therefore traveling more within the country. Finally, Argentina has many natural and cultural assets that are attractive to tourists.

4. Conclusion

In conclusion, the tourism industry in Argentina is currently growing at a rapid pace due to the devaluation of the Argentine Peso, the good relations between Argentina and its neighboring countries, the growing middle class, and the many natural and cultural assets that the country has to offer.

Frequently Asked Questions


What are the most popular tourist destinations in Argentina?

The most popular tourist destinations in Argentina are Buenos Aires, Iguazu Falls, Tierra del Fuego, and Patagonia.

How has tourism changed over the years in Argentina?

Tourism has changed over the years in Argentina due to economic instability and security concerns. The government is now promoting tourism as a way to boost the economy and create jobs.

What is the government doing to promote tourism in Argentina?

The government is investing in infrastructure and marketing campaigns to promote tourism in Argentina. They are also working on improving safety and security conditions.

Are there any negative impacts of tourism on Argentine society?

There are some negative impacts of tourism on Argentine society, such as increased prices for goods and services, overcrowding, and environmental damage.

What can be done to improve tourism in Argentina?

Some ways to improve tourism in Argentina include developing sustainable tourism practices, investing in rural tourism, and promoting cultural exchange programs.


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